112
37

Robert Lustig, a professor at the University of California in San Francisco, is one of the most popular American doctors.

His first popular lecture “Sugar: the bitter truth” on YouTube was watched by more than four million people, the second lecture “Fat chance: fructose 2.0” – more than 300 000 times.

Robert Lustig explains, what really influences the process of weight gain and how the food industry deceives customers by speculating on healthy food.

The number of people with obesity is growing rapidly

In the world, there are more obese people than hungry. The gap is 30%. 5% of the world population has already suffered from diabetes.

Diabetes treatment in 2012 cost the US budget $ 245 billion – this amount increased by 41% in just five years. By 2030, almost half of Americans (42%) will be obese.

Metabolic syndrome is an unhealthy metabolism that leads to fatal diseases like heart attack, diabetes, and even cancer. In 40 out of 70% of people with normal weight, doctors diagnose metabolic disorders.

The main myth about obesity

The law of energy’s conservation says that all the calories (energy), that we consume, need to be spent; otherwise, they will be stored in the body in the form of fat. But Dr. Lustig doesn’t agree with this.

Firstly, not all calories are equally useful; they are assimilated from different foods and stored in different ways. In this sense, sweet food is much more dangerous than fatty.

Secondly, physical activity helps to gain muscle mass, but it couldn’t change the figure on the scales.

Thirdly, not all fat is equally harmful to health: subcutaneous fat doesn’t provoke metabolic problems. In turn, visceral (interior) fat envelops the heart, liver, and other vital organs, representing a real threat.

Sugar is a legal drug

Popular literature on healthy nutrition teaches us that fast food is harmful because it contains a lot of salt, fat, and sugar. In fact, our brain doesn’t have mechanisms for getting used to fat or salt, but sugar works on the same principle as strong drugs.

Moreover, by developing an addiction to one drug, a person simultaneously develops an addiction to others, even if you’ve never tried them before.

Nevertheless, today sweet drinks are advertised as healthy. Sugar is used for caramelization and tinting even that food, which does not imply a sweet taste (for example, roasted meat). Therefore, the consumption of fructose for half a century has increased in five times.

The biggest spread of diabetes is in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Malaysia. It is because of climate and culture: on the one hand, it is hot, on the other – alcohol is prohibited. Accordingly, everyone drinks cold sweet lemonade.

In just seven years, from 2000 to 2007, the level of diabetes in the world has grown from 5.5 to 7%. Of the variety of factors, sugar and other carbohydrate-rich foods play a direct role.

About a quarter of all diabetes cases in the world are caused entirely and exclusively by sugar. Conclusion: it is enough just to limit sugar intake in order to stop the epidemic of diabetes.

How we give rein to the food industry

About a third from all amount of sugar we take with sweet drinks, we eat the sixth part in desserts, and about half of the sugar hides in food, which does not have to be sweet.

In 1990, the American food industry lobbied the new FDA regulations (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). Due to these rules, the manufacturers are not required to write on the packaging all amount of added sugar. So we never will be totally sure, how much sugar is in products.

80% of the products, which are sold in supermarkets, contain added sugar. Because sugar has a narcotic effect, it makes us buy and eat more.

Over the past 30 years, the average consumer began to spend noticeably (by 5–10%) less money on meat and dairy products and doubled his spending on semi-finished products (processed food) and sweets.

Few companies continue to grow despite the 2008 crisis. There are McDonald’s, Coca-Cola, Pepsi. They have a formula of success, which allows them to sell every year more and more.

And an ordinary person is simply defenseless because no one realizes how deeply we are addicted to sugar.

And what do you think about this? How often do you eat sweets?

Everything we see in the world is the creative work of women